Grade 3
Concepts & Skills | Common Core | State Standards | Assessment | Web Resources

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The purpose of the Grade 3 curriculum is to give students their first concentrated study of Massachusetts and local (Braintree) history and geography. Students will first be introduced to Massachusetts, while reviewing basic map skills on maps of the United States, Massachusetts and Braintree. They will learn about the history of Massachusetts from the time of the arrival of the Pilgrims and events leading to the American Revolution. They will also learn the history of Braintree as well as famous and prominent people from Massachusetts in order to learn how they contribute to Massachusetts’ history. Students will be able to explain the meaning of the stars and stripes in the American flag, and describe official procedures for the care and display of the flag.

I. Explain the necessity for communities to have governments
Students will leave Grade 3 with an understanding that governments protect rights; maintain order, safety, and security of its people; and provide public services such as maintaining roads and bridges, schools, libraries, and so forth. (Civics). Students will also define a tax and explain the varied kinds of taxes (e.g. property, sales, income, etc.) and purposes for paying taxes. (Economics)
MA H/SS Standards:
CS3.6-CS3.7
(C), CS3.8-CS3.10 (E), 3.6 (H, C), 3.8 (G), 3.9 (H, C), 3.11 (H, G), 3.12 (H, G, E), 3.13 (E), 3.14 (E)

Is the standard assessable & measureable?

Can this be measured year round?

Can the standard be easily aligned to Common Core?

Reading

Writing

Speaking & Listening

Mathematics

Yes

Yes

Literature: Yes
Informational: Yes
Foundational: Yes
Language: Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Suggested MA H/SS Topic Alignment with Overarching or Anchor Standard:


Sept.
What is government?
What are functions of government?
Why do we need them?

Oct.
Structure of government
Three branches (e.g., executive, legislative, judicial)

Nov.
Our elected leaders and representatives: Local, state, national

Dec.
Founding documents:
Declaration of Ind.
U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights (3.6)

Jan.
National government:
President
U.S. Congress
U.S. Supreme Court

Feb.
State government:
Governor
MA General Court
State Supreme Court

Mar.
Local government:
Mayor
City/Town Council
District courts

Apr.
Massachusetts Today

May
Braintree, Our Town (3.8)
What are taxes?
Why do we pay them? (3.14)

Jun.
What kinds of jobs are available in Braintree? In Massachusetts? (3.13)


Sources: MA History & Social Sciences Curriculum Framework (2003), pp. 19-21. MA Curriculum Framework for ELA and Literacy (2011), pp. 15, 18, 25-26, 31, 36-38.

Resources for History Teachers Wikispaces, http://resourcesforhistoryteachers.wikispaces.com/
Massachusetts, Our Home (text)
Ben’s Guide to U.S. Government for Kids, http://bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/index.html
History of Braintree by Charles Francis Adams (Google eBook),
     http://books.google.com/books/about/History_of_Braintree_Massachusetts_1639.html
Town of Braintree, Massachusetts: Elected Officials: http://www.townofbraintreegov.org/about_officials.html


II. Explain how significant historical events in Massachusetts contributed to the formation and development of the United States of America

Students will leave Grade 3 with an appreciation for the significant role that Massachusetts played in the formation and continued development of the United States of America. (History, Civics) Students will learn the concept of time and chronology using timelines, and recognizing time periods and dates in historical narratives (e.g., decade, century, 1600s, 1776, etc.) (History).

MA H/SS Standards:
CS3.1-CS3.5
(H, G), 3.1-3.12 (H, G, C, E)

Is the standard assessable & measureable?

Can this be measured year round?

Can the standard be easily aligned to Common Core?

Reading

Writing

Speaking & Listening

Mathematics

Yes

Yes

Literature: Yes
Informational: Yes
Foundational: Yes
Language: Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Suggested MA H/SS Topic Alignment with Overarching or Anchor Standard:


Sept.
Physical geography of
New England and Massachusetts (3.1)
Locate Braintree (3.8)
What is an artifact? (3.12)

Oct.
Wampanoags (3.2)
“The Land We Call Home”

Nov.
Pilgrims (3.2, 3.3)
Mayflower Compact
Plimoth Colony
First Thanksgiving
Challenges of settling in America (3.3)

Dec.
Puritans (3.4)
Massachusetts Bay Colony (3.4)
Salem Witch Trials

Jan.
Compare/Contrast
Puritans and Pilgrims (3.3, 3.4) Massachusetts as a British colony (3.5)

Feb.
Events leading up to the American Revolution; Boston Massacre, Boston Tea Party (3.5)
British response to Boston actions (3.5)

Mar.
Declaration of Ind. (3.6)
Lexington & Concord,
Paul Revere’s Ride,
Battle of Bunker Hill,
Evacuation Day (3.5)

Apr.
Massachusetts Constitution;
Constitution of the United States, Bill of Rights (3.6)
American flag (3.10)

May
Braintree, Our Town
Land deed of Braintree (3.11)
Historic buildings, monuments, or sites (3.9)

Jun.
First public school
Abolitionism
Mass and Civil War;
54th Infantry
Industrialization; Lowell Mills
Immigration
MA and Civil Rights
Technology Industry


Sources: MA History & Social Sciences Curriculum Framework (2003), pp. 19-21. MA Curriculum Framework for ELA and Literacy (2011), pp. 15, 18, 25-26, 31, 36-38.

Resources for History Teachers Wikispaces, http://resourcesforhistoryteachers.wikispaces.com/
Massachusetts, Our Home (text)
Ben’s Guide to U.S. Government for Kids, http://bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/index.html
History of Braintree by Charles Francis Adams (Google eBook),
     http://books.google.com/books/about/History_of_Braintree_Massachusetts_1639.html
Town of Braintree, Massachusetts: Elected Officials: http://www.townofbraintreegov.org/about_officials.html


III. Summarize the life and achievements of a notable individual from Massachusetts

Students will leave Grade 3 with deep appreciation of notable individuals from Massachusetts (or have close ties with Massachusetts), past and present, recognized for their great achievements in science, education, politics, religion, business, military, sports, and the arts. (History, Civics) When learning about presidents and (local and state) elected officials, students will learn about leadership, and how citizens play a role in electing leaders and representatives. (Civics)

MA H/SS Standards:
CS3.1-CS3.5
(H, G), 3.4 (H, E, C), 3.7 (H, C)

Is the standard assessable & measureable?

Can this be measured year round?

Can the standard be easily aligned to Common Core?

Reading

Writing

Speaking & Listening

Mathematics

Yes

Yes

Literature: Yes
Informational: Yes
Foundational: Yes
Language: Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Suggested MA H/SS Topic Alignment with Overarching or Anchor Standard:


Sept.
How to research and write a biography

Oct.
J. Wampatuck
Massasoit
Squanto

Nov.
M. Standish (3.3)
W. Bradford
J. Carver
S. Eaton, F. Eaton
R. Warren

Dec.
J. Winthrop (3.4)
J. Mather
J. Cotton

Jan.
N. Hawthorne (3.7)
P. Wheatley (3.7)

Feb.
Patriots:
S. Adams
J. Hancock
J. Otis
B. Franklin
P. Revere
W. Dawes
Presidents:
J. Adams
J. Q. Adams
C. Coolidge
J. F. Kennedy
G. H. W. Bush

Mar.
Politicians:
E. Brooke
J. F. Fitzgerald
J. M. Curley
K. White
R. Flynn
T. Menino
E. Kennedy
W. Weld
J. Silber
P. Celucci
M. Romney
D. Patrick
J. Kerry
E. Warren

Apr.
Artists/Writers:
H. Adams
L. M. Alcott
J. S. Copley
E. Dickinson
R. W. Emerson
T. Geisel (“Dr. Seuss”)
F. L. Olmstead
O. W. Holmes
N. Rockwell
H. D. Thoreau

May
Braintree
A. Adams
H. Adams
F. N. Sacco
B. Vanzetti
T. A. Watson
S. Thayer
J. Calhoun
Science/Technology:
A. G. Bell
N. Bowditch
R. Goddard
J. H. Hammond
E. Land
S. Morse

Jun.
S. B. Anthony
S. E. Morrison
M. B. Eddy
C. Barton
H. Mann
W. M. Trotter
W. Filene
F. C. Lowell
M. L. King, Jr.
J. Childs
A. Wang
T. Williams

* The above named are only SAMPLES of individuals whom students can research and learn. Categories of individuals are neither anchored nor tied to any particular month. Keep in mind that some of the named above are also listed in Grade 2 (see anchor standard #3).

Sources: MA History & Social Sciences Curriculum Framework (2003), pp. 19-21. MA Curriculum Framework for ELA and Literacy (2011), pp. 15, 18, 25-26, 31, 36-38.

Resources for History Teachers Wikispaces, http://resourcesforhistoryteachers.wikispaces.com/


IV. Braintree, Our Town
Students will learn about the town of Braintree’s geography, history, and people.

Specific Objectives:

  • Read a biography of a person from Braintree and summarize the person’s life and achievements. (3.7)
  • Identify historic buildings, monuments, or sites in the area and explain their purpose and significance. (3.9)
  • Identify when the students’ own town or city was founded, and describe the different groups of people who have settled in the community since its founding. (3.11)
  • Give examples of goods and services provided by their local businesses and industries. (3.13)
  • Give examples of tax-supported facilities and services provided by their local government, such as public schools, parks, recreational facilities, police and fire departments, and libraries. (3.14)

TIME FRAME

KEY TOPICS AND CONCEPTS ADDRESSED IN MODULE

MAY  & JUNE

  • Geography: main streets of Braintree; student’s home in relation to elementary school, local parks, recreational facilities, local historical sites and markers
  • Public buildings: Town Hall, Thayer Public Library, student’s elementary school, Braintree High School, Braintree police station, Braintree fire house
  • Notable Braintree natives: John Adams, John Quincy Adams, John Hancock, Sylvanus Thayer, Thomas A. Watson, Ellis Hollingsworth, James C. Calhoun
  • Local government: type and structure; Mayor Joseph Sullivan, Town Council, School Committee
  • Public services: police, fire, public works, school, etc.
  • Economy: local businesses, shopping centers, industries
  • History of Braintree
    • Native tribes (Wampanoag)
    • First white settlements
    • Incorporated as a town (1640)
    • Change of town government (2007)